1957 was defined by the Cold War and defined by the Eisenhower Presidency. 1957 was when Eisenhower was inaugurated for a second term in office, and during this term, the Eisenhower Doctrine (US defense against all Soviet aggression), NASA, the European Economic Community, and the United States were all created. Around this time, Eisenhower was also responsible for the ending of the Little Rock Nine Crisis, the end of Joseph McCarthy's Red Scare, the closing of the Science Gap between the US and the USSR (who was already a space power via Sputnik), the nomination of Earl Warren (14th Chief Justice), and so on.
1957 was also the birth of my mom. Happy Birthday, Mom.
For more information, read: http://www.americanrhetoric.com/speeches/dwightdeisenhowerfarewell.html
The Timetables of History
The World Almanac 2007
The Cold War by Mike Sewell Military History Podcast is sponsored by International Research and Publishing Corporation and Armchair General Magazine