Academy Securities: Geopolitical & Macro Strategy Podcast

Oct 21 2020 26 mins 39

Geopolitical & Macro Strategy discussions focusing on risks around the globe that have the capacity to impact capital markets and the world economy





Cyber Security Awareness Podcast
Oct 21 2020 44 mins  
Key Points: Data protection, network security, and Cyber Security Awareness Month Progress made by U.S. corporations/municipalities to better prepare and defend themselves against cyber-attacks Election security and disinformation campaigns designed to undermine the confidence in our electoral system By volume, China conducts the most disinformation attacks Nation states including China, Russia, Iran, and North Korea and the great power competition Rising China: cyber, AI/machine learning, quantum computing, and threats to critical infrastructure Global risks to data and implementation of 5G Recidivist Russia: cyber capabilities and their desire to be viewed as a global superpower Russia has the most sophisticated cyber capabilities Revolutionary Iran: U.S. financial sector viewed as the center of power and likelihood of a more destructive cyber-attack U.S. policy towards cyber-attacks against our interests Cyber criminals and digital currencies Risk to global supply chains Lieutenant General (Ret.) Vincent R. Stewart is an Academy Securities’ Advisory Board Member. Lieutenant General Stewart served in the United States Marine Corps for over 35 years. He most recently served as Deputy Commander, U.S. Cyber Command. Prior to this assignment, Lieutenant General Stewart served as the 20th Director of the Defense Intelligence Agency. A native of Chicago, Illinois, by way of Kingston, Jamaica, Lieutenant General Stewart graduated from Western Illinois University, earning his commission in 1981. He has served as an armor officer and subsequently as a signal’s intelligence and intelligence officer, commanding at every level. Lieutenant General Stewart earned master’s degrees in National Security and Strategic Studies from the Naval War College, Newport, R.I. and in National Resource Strategy from the Industrial College of the Armed Forces, National Defense University, Washington, D.C. Lieutenant General Stewart’s military decorations include: the Defense Superior Service Medal; the Legion of Merit with one gold star; the Bronze Star; the Meritorious Service Medal with one gold star; the Navy and Marine Corps Commendation Medal, with two gold stars; the Navy and Marine Corps Achievement Medal; the Combat Action Ribbon; the National Intelligence Distinguished Service Medal; and various unit awards. Peter Tchir is head of Macro Strategy at Academy Securities. He has 25 years in the industry focusing on fixed income. He has traded and structured products ranging from complex transactions, junk bonds, liquid CDS indices, and ETFs. This background helps bring a unique frame of reference to his market strategies and analysis. It helps him focus on what is relevant for the here and now for investors and issuers. He has worked closely with a wide range of investors and portfolio managers since he established TF Market Advisors as an independent firm in 2010. He is regularly quoted in the media for his views on the macro outlook and fixed income strategies. His expertise provides insight into risk, identifying opportunities on a global macro basis, with an emphasis on fixed income. As the Head of Macro Strategy, Peter communicates these opportunities and approaches effectively to customers. Peter received a B.S. in mathematics and computer sciences from the University of Waterloo and an MBA with distinction from Vanderbilt University, where he also won the Matt Wiggington Leadership Award for outstanding performance in finance.







Rising Tensions in the South China Sea
Jul 17 2020 33 mins  
Rising Tensions in the South China Sea Table of Contents: Introduction: 0:00 - 1:17 What is happening in the South China Sea: 1:18 - 9:45 How the tensions may impact trade: 9:45 - 17:07 Impact of Hong Kong’s new national security law: 17:08 - 22:41 Risk of miscalculation or accident: 22:42 - 26:40 Race for new technology: 26:41 - End Key Points: The U.S. recently announced that it rejects China’s territorial claims in the South China Sea (SCS) The “great power competition” we are seeing in the SCS is potentially moving the U.S. towards a Cold War with China, but neither country wants a conflict China’s claim to the SCS is based on the fact that it is not a signatory to the WWII Peace Treaty The U.S., along with its network of allies and partners in the region, must act as a counterweight to China China is using an Anti-Access Area Denial (A2/AD) strategy in the SCS and has militarized several islands with aircraft, missiles, and jamming technology There remains a risk of miscalculation with two U.S. aircraft carrier strike groups operating in the SCS Undersea cables, critical for the use of the internet and messaging, may be at risk given China’s expansion in the region While tensions will continue to rise, China will remain a key global trading partner However, countries will be more careful regarding tech (5G) and supply chain (PPE) The developments in Hong Kong may not be crucial to the global economy, but it may be a precursor to a change in Chinese strategy regarding Taiwan It is becoming harder to separate the economic and diplomatic issues after the U.S. ended the preferential treatment Hong Kong once received and China is now cracking down on U.S. companies doing business with Taiwan The international community is starting to recognize the technological competition with China Major General Clarence K.K. Chinn is an Academy Securities' Advisory Board Member. Major General Chinn brings decades of experience to Academy’s Advisory Board, having served in the U.S. Army for over 36 years. He most recently served as Commander, U.S. Army South, where he was responsible for the conduct and support of multinational operations and security operations in the U.S. Southern Command area of responsibility (31 countries and 15 areas of special sovereignty in Central/South America and the Caribbean) in order to counter transregional transnational threat networks and strengthen regional security in defense of the homeland. Prior to this assignment, Major General Chinn served as the Deputy Commander for United States Army Special Operations Command, as the Senior Commander at Fort Bragg, a $32 billion dollar industry for North Carolina annually, and Commanding General at Fort Polk, LA. Major General Chinn is a 1981 graduate of the United States Military Academy and holds a master’s degree in strategic studies from the U.S. Army War College. He has served as an Infantry officer, commanding at every level, with extensive time serving with Airborne / Ranger units. Currently residing in Aiea, Hawaii, Major General Chinn has been assisting United States Army Pacific with their Regional Leader Development Program – Pacific. Lieutenant General (Ret.) Robert S. Walsh is an Academy Securities' Advisory Board Member. Lieutenant General Walsh served in the Marine Corps for over 35 years, completing his career as the Commanding General of the Marine Corps Combat Development Command and the Deputy Commandant for Combat Development & Integration. In his last assignment, he was responsible for strategic planning and executing the reorganization of the Marine Corps to meet the new National Defense Strategy roles and missions. His responsibilities included integrating multiple warfighting functions and domains across all military services and the Department of Defense. Peter Tchir is Head of Macro Strategy at Academy Securities. He has 25 years in the industry focusing on fixed income. He has traded and structured products ranging from complex transactions, junk bonds, liquid CDS indices, and ETFs. This background helps bring a unique frame of reference to his market strategies and analysis. It helps him focus on what is relevant for the here and now for investors and issuers. He has worked closely with a wide range of investors and portfolio managers since he established TF Market Advisors as an independent firm in 2010. He is regularly quoted in the media for his views on the macro outlook and fixed income strategies. His expertise provides insight into risk, identifying opportunities on a global macro basis, with an emphasis on fixed income. As the Head of Macro Strategy, Peter communicates these opportunities and approaches effectively to customers. Peter received a B.S. in mathematics and computer sciences from the University of Waterloo and an MBA with distinction from Vanderbilt University, where he also won the Matt Wiggington Leadership Award for outstanding performance in finance


The Geopolitical Impact of Low Oil Prices
May 23 2020 35 mins  
The Geopolitical Impact of Low Oil Prices Table of Contents: 0:00 - 2:20: Introduction 2:21 - 7:56: Dealing with China in a COVID Environment 7:57 - 20:00: Impact on the Middle East and North Africa 20:01 - 25:06: European Union and Russia 25:07 - 28:25: Venezuela 28:26 - End: Final Thoughts and Hong Kong Update Key Points: With oil prices likely to remain low for an extended period of time, our Geopolitical Intelligence Group weighs in on the global implications. We view the effects through the lens of U.S. national security policy and how China (in the COVID environment) will react domestically and internationally. The consensus view is that the U.S. will not pull back on its commitment to its allies, including Israel and Saudi Arabia, but the relationships will evolve. However, the consequences of low oil prices for other nations could be significant and we go around the world to discuss the potential ramifications. In the Middle East, low oil prices will have an impact on nations using oil revenue to help subsidize their local economies. Saudi Arabia, with a very low break even point for production, can sustain lower prices, but its Vision 2030 plan could be at risk. Iran and Iraq will have significant economic issues to contend with as the impact of COVID is taking its toll, particularity on Iran. In North Africa, lower oil prices will impact nations that are budgeting for much higher prices and will have ripple effects. We do not see Turkey backing away from its support of the GNA in Libya. In Russia, we believe that low oil prices, the impact of COVID, and struggling overseas campaigns in Libya, Syria, and Venezuela will not deter Putin or erode his grip on power. In Venezuela, while the U.S. does not intend to interdict Iranian shipping carrying fuel to the country, the stakes are high as the goal is an eventual transfer of power. Major General (Ret.) James A. "Spider" Marks is Head of Geopolitical Strategy and Academy Securities' Senior Advisory Board Member. General Marks is the Founder and President of The Marks Collaborative, an advisory for corporate leader development, education and training and has led entrepreneurial efforts in global primary research and national security. He served over 30 years in the Army holding every command position from infantry platoon leader to commanding general and was the senior intelligence officer in the LA Riots, the Balkans, Korea, and Operation Iraqi Freedom. He culminated his career as the Commanding General of the U.S. Army Intelligence Center and School at Fort Huachuca, Arizona. He has been awarded the Distinguished Service Medal, the Defense Superior Service Medal, Legion of Merit with Oak Leaf cluster, Bronze Star, and multiple combat, expeditionary and service ribbons. General Marks is a Master parachutist, authorized to wear Korean and Canadian Airborne wings, Air Assault qualified, and Honor Graduate of the U.S. Army Ranger School. General Marks is a national security contributor to CNN and member of the Military Intelligence Hall of Fame. Lieutenant General (Ret.) Robert S. Walsh is an Academy Securities' Advisory Board Member. Lieutenant General Walsh served in the Marine Corps for over 35 years, completing his career as the Commanding General of the Marine Corps Combat Development Command and the Deputy Commandant for Combat Development & Integration. In his last assignment, he was responsible for strategic planning and executing the reorganization of the Marine Corps to meet the new National Defense Strategy roles and missions. His responsibilities included integrating multiple warfighting functions and domains across all military services and the Department of Defense. Major General (Ret.) Mastin M. Robeson is an Academy Securities' Advisory Board Member. A native of the Carolinas, Mastin Robeson was commissioned in 1975 and served over 34 years on active duty in the United States Marine Corps, during which time he served in more than 60 countries. He retired from the Marine Corps in February 2010. Major General Robeson served in combat zones in Liberia, Desert Storm, Somalia, Bosnia, Horn of Africa, Southern Philippines, Iraq and Afghanistan. He commanded at every operational level in the Marine Corps, including its Anti-Terrorism unit, an infantry battalion, an infantry regiment, a combined joint task force in combat, two Marine Expeditionary Brigades, two Marine Divisions, and the Marine Corps Forces Special Operations Command. He served as Military Assistant to Secretary of Defense William S. Cohen and as General Dave Petraeus’ Director of Strategy, Plans, and Assessments in Iraq, where he was responsible for writing and assessing the 2007 Crocker/Petraeus surge campaign plan. The following information has been provided for informational purposes only and should not be used or construed as a solicitation, an offer to sell, or an offer to buy any security. Academy Securities Inc. accepts no liability for any errors or omissions arising as a result of transmission. Use of this communication by other than the intended recipients is prohibited. Academy Securities is a preeminent disabled veteran owned investment bank with strength in public finance, fixed income and equity trading and underwriting. Leadership and staff have had intensive military training prior to entering and gaining in-depth financial services experience in global capital markets. We are mission driven with a high ethical code, a solid sense of accountability and strive for excellence in the pursuit of our clients' success. Intellectual assets, strong visionary leaders and a proud team commitment bring out the best in each other for the benefit of our clients. Academy is our nation's first and only post-9/11 disabled veteran owned investment bank and is certified as DVBE, SDVOSB and MBE. The firm has a strong top and middle tier client base served by a national platform with offices in New York, Chicago, Boston, San Diego, Kansas City, Los Angeles, Sacramento and Chapel Hill. Please visit our website at www.academysecurities.com. Third Party Research Disclosure: The opinions are those of independent third-party research providers. Information contained herein is based on information provided by a third-party research provider and is not guaranteed by U.S., nor should the information be construed as an offer or a solicitation to buy or sell the securities mentioned herein or provide investment advice. Any comments or statements made herein do not necessarily reflect the views or opinions of Academy Securities Inc, its employees, officers, or directors. Academy Securities, Inc. directors, officers and employees and their family members from time to time may own securities of the publicly traded companies discussed in any referenced independent Third-Party Research report. Academy Securities, Inc. may have a marketing partnership with several Third-Party Research providers to market their research services to institutional clients. Academy Securities, Inc. is an agency-only broker. The firm does not produce proprietary research, nor does it engage in any proprietary trading. The user is responsible for verifying the accuracy of the data received. Academy Securities, Inc. does not have any ownership of the subject company's securities. Academy Securities, Inc. has not managed or co-managed a public offering of securities for the subject company in the past 12 months. Academy Securities, Inc. does not or has not had any investment banking relationships with the subject company in the past 12 months nor expects to in the next 3 months. Academy Securities, Inc. does not have any market making activities in the subject company's securities. Academy Securities, Inc. does not maintain an analytical relationship and is not a member of any distributing organization. Academy Securities, Inc. makes no claim as to its accuracy or completeness. Academy Securities, Inc. is not responsible for the content or comments of these independent third-party research providers. Academy Securities, Inc. accepts no liability for any errors or omissions arising as a result of transmission. Use of this communication by other than the intended recipients is prohibited.






A Strategic Partnership with Turkey
Oct 15 2019 24 mins  
Rachel Washburn and Lieutenant General Robert Walsh discuss the partnership between the United States and Turkey. Recent escalations between Turkey and the Kurds in northern Syria has many Americans questioning the motives and thoughts behind the US reaction to the conflict. Table of Contents:U.S.-Turkey partnership history: 00:00 – 5:19Turkey’s cultural shift and relationships: 5:20 – 22:39Next steps: 22:40 – End Lieutenant General (Ret.) Robert S. Walsh is an Academy Securities' Advisory Board Member. Lieutenant General Walsh served in the Marine Corps for over 35 years, completing his career as the Commanding General of the Marine Corps Combat Development Command and the Deputy Commandant for Combat Development & Integration. In his last assignment, he was responsible for strategic planning and executing the reorganization of the Marine Corps to meet the new National Defense Strategy roles and missions. His responsibilities included integrating multiple warfighting functions and domains across all military services and the Department of Defense. Previously, he served as the Assistant Deputy Commandant for Aviation, the Assistant Deputy Commandant for Combat Development & Integration, and the Director of Expeditionary Warfare, Office of the Chief of Naval Operations. In these assignments he was responsible for managing numerous vital warfare systems. Lieutenant General Walsh’s operational and joint assignments included serving as the Commanding General, 2d Marine Aircraft Wing (Forward) Iraq and the Director of Operations, United States Northern Command. Lieutenant General Walsh has served as the Co-Chairman of both the Navy-Marine Corps and Army-Marine Corps Boards along with being Co-Chairman of the Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency (DARPA) – Marine Corps Investment Board and the Office of Naval Research – Marine Corps Investment Board. A native of Chicago, Illinois, Lieutenant General Walsh is a graduate of the United States Naval Academy and holds a Master of Science in National Security Studies from the National War College. He served as an F/A-18 pilot at all levels to include commanding Marine Fighter Attack Squadron 115, Marine Aircraft Group 31, and 2d Marine Aircraft Wing (Forward) during Operation IRAQI FREEDOM. He was an instructor at the Navy Fighter Weapons School, also known as TOPGUN. He has received several writing awards. Additionally, Lieutenant General Walsh has testified before Congress on subjects such as modernization, acquisition, readiness and training of the Navy and Marine Corps.


Unrest in Hong Kong
Aug 15 2019 19 mins  
Academy Securities Geopolitical SITREP Geopolitical Flashpoints: The Macroeconomic Impact of the Geostrategic Landscape Table of Contents: Hong Kong Protest Background: 00:00 - 4:33 Mainland China’s Response: 4:34 - 11:28 The View from Taiwan: 11:29 - 15:43 North Korea and China: 15:44 - 19:09 Listen on iTunes Here Listen on Google Play Key Points: For the last several years, the market has failed to fully recognize that Hong Kong is a part of China - it isn’t completely independent. If the U.S. were to respond to the crisis, it would be with more difficult terms around trade. Much of the anti-government sentiment and protests began in April in response to an extradition bill. China and Hong Kong are part of “one country two systems”: The Hong Kong system and “basic law” protects civil freedoms of Hong Kong citizens. The protesters wish to highlight the deterioration of these freedoms and protections. The protests are not hierarchical or organized. The protesters and their recent actions risk alienating the population to their cause. China’s growing global influence could impact its response. China’s deft social media and AI capabilities are important considerations when evaluating these protests. Two U.S. Navy port visits have been canceled amid protests and accusations of U.S. involvement. The Chinese People’s Armed Police - not Army - has massed on the Hong Kong boarder. China is walking a fine line trying to diminish the impact of the protests while using limited force. An escalation by mainland China would result in more disruptions to trade negotiations with the U.S. Taiwan is watching what happens in Hong Kong very closely: The events in Hong Kong could lead to more anti-Chinese/anti-communist sentiment in Taiwan. The U.S. has approved new military sales to Taiwan and China has responded by increasing military operations around Taiwan. North Korea remains economically dependent on China and China remains a consideration as we evaluate the ongoing negotiations with North Korea and its behavior.




































United States Space Force
Aug 12 2018 14 mins  
Academy Secutities Geopolitical & Macro Strategy Podcast: We discuss the announcement recently made concerning the creation of the US Space Force. Rached Washburn, Major General James "Spider" Marks, Peter Tchir and Andy Robinson discuss what the mission of the Space Force might be. How will it's formation effect the other branches of the military as well as the Defense and Aerospace industry? Any questions...email [email protected] Key Points: The creation of a Space Force is an inevitability Discussions will surround practicality, cost, and relevance regarding existing branches of the military Space is a domain of war – one with many facets Commerce, navigation, intelligence collection, and communications all depend on the security of space Creating a space command before a Space Force would be a logical first step - a geographic command Commanding space is not only about the safety of space but also the mastery of all the functions enabled by advancement in space The need for a Space Force is not necessarily threat based but capabilities based Impact on the Aerospace Industry: The creation of a Space Force will focus on being budget neutral The long-term financial loser will be the Air Force Industry with a current footprint in space will benefit - especially for those helping the intelligence community China, Russia, and France all have a significant presence in space The US leverages other nations current infrastructure Space is not the Wild West – it is governed – but it is not surprising to see the US trying to ensure it has total dominance in space





Indo-Pacific Region Strategy
Aug 05 2018 26 mins  
Last week Secretary of State Mike Pompeo announced significant US investment and strategy for the Indo-Pacific Region. Academy Securities's Head of Geopolitical Strategy Major General James "Spider" Marks and Head of US Rates Sales and Trading Glen Capelo provide their thoughts onn this announcement in this episode. Geopolitical Strategy Associate Rachel Washburn moderates the discussion. Table of Contents: Indo-Pacific Campaign: 00:00 - 4:23 Trade War Update: 4:24 - 10:04 Allies in the Region: 10:05 – 25:35 Key Points: Secretary Pompeo’s announcement for the Indo-Pacific economic strategy: Pompeo has put a spotlight on a long-term effort in the Indo-Pacific Region The US has never lost sight of the importance of this region, but the perceived negligence exists because the US has spent the last 17 years at war in the Middle East and SW Asia It is critical for the US to remain engaged in the Indo-Pacific Any solution with North Korea runs through Beijing: China, Japan, and Russia are important partners in the Indo-Pacific Security guarantees help incentivize economic growth Economic effort, on the part of the Chinese, has been their primary element of power to achieve global influence They create dependency- the US needs to provide a legitimate alternative North Korea and Indonesia showcase perfect opportunities for the US to compete with China for influence: China is not going to back away from their military presence in the South China Sea Friends in the region need to know that we remain committed to partnerships- a consistent partner and friend Any engagement with Chinese companies is an engagement with the Chinese intelligence collection apparatus Market Impact: The market is digesting this information especially as it pertains to long-term challenges with trade: China’s economic system can sustain a long-term trade war and President Xi is prepared This is the beginning of something new: President Trump’s negotiation style is reflective of this new management It is a monumental turn that we have gotten North Korea to the table and opened a dialogue No doubt that the trade war could have collateral damage on our progress with North Korea Economically, these issues will benefit our relationship with Japan When dealing with China, you are not only dealing with private companies but also with the state





















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